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"Which is better: to fear all snakes and keep out of danger, or become educated and fear those only that can be harmful to you?" - Bill Haast on the Discovery Channel

There are about 56 species and sub species of snakes found in Alabama, only 10 are venomous and a danger to humans.


There are about 10 species of venomous snakes that inhabit Alabama. Anyone who lives in or visits Alabama should make themselves aware of these snakes, and learn how to identify them. Children especially, whom snakes often fascinate, should be made aware of these 10 species. A lot of snakebites occur because people are uninformed about the venomous snakes that inhabit Alabama, and mistakenly think them harmless. The best rule of thumb is - if you don't know what kind of snake it is - leave it alone.

Eastern Coral Snake
Micrurus fulvius fulvius
E coral snake_03 a.jpg (271439 bytes)  
Southern Copperhead
Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix
Northern Copperhead
Agkistrodon contortrix mokeson
Agkistrodon_ c._mokasen-01.jpg (216105 bytes)  
Florida Cottonmouth
Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti
conanti-01.JPG (228354 bytes)  
Western Cottonmouth
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Eastern Cottonmouth
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Crotalus adamanteus
edb_7.jpg (127747 bytes)  
Canebrake Rattlesnake
Crotalus horridus
cane_2.jpg (138215 bytes)  
Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake
Sistrurus miliarius barbouri
pygmy_5.jpg (167007 bytes)  
Carolina pygmy Rattlesnake
Sistrurus miliarius miliarius
carolina pygmy rs-01.JPG (136938 bytes)  
Western Pygmy Rattlesnake
Sistrurus miliarius streckeri
sistrurus_miliarius_streckeri-03.jpg (141554 bytes)  

A word of caution: If you find a snake, and you do not know whether or not it is venomous, the safest thing to do is leave it alone. Most snakes are not aggressive and, unless they are cornered, most will flee when humans approach. Occasionally, you might encounter one that is reluctant to leave because it is basking in the sun to get warm. Among snakebite victims, an unacceptably high number are bitten on the hands and arms when they are handling the snake. Do not catch a snake and do not handle one unless you are sure it is not venomous. In addition, for a short time after a snake is killed, its reflexes may continue to work. Those reflexes typically cause the body to writhe slowly for a while, but they can cause a convulsive contraction and a bite, so you should not handle a freshly killed venomous snake.

All photos are property of P.R.E.S.E.R.V.E. and my not be used with out permission.

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